Discuss with your doctor for any medical issues. This article is for reference only, it is not a
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There are different types of burns - first-, second-, and third- degree:

A first-degree burn involves only the outer skin layer, e.g. a mild sunburn. The skin is dry,
painful and sensitive to touch.

A second-degree burn involves several skin layers. The skin is swollen, puffy, weepy or

A third-degree burn involves all layers of skin and possibly underlying tissue or organs as
well. The skin is dry, pale white (or charred black, swollen or even breaks open.

Home Treatment

Call for medical assistance immediately, if it is serious.

If it is a first-degree burn, most people will run cool tap water over the burn until the pain
stops. Do not apply ice or ice water to the injured area.

If the burn causes blisters to form, do not break blisters.

If the burned skin or blisters have broken open, a bandage is needed. Do not apply butter,
grease, oil on a burn.

Apply an antibiotic ointment, and cover the burn with a sterile dressing. Consult with your
medical doctor for treatment.

Chemical Burns

Chemical burns occur when something caustic, such as cleaning product, gasoline, or
turpentine, is splashed on to the skin or into an eye. Chemically burned skin appears red,
blistered, or blackened and a chemically burned eye becomes red and watery.

Home Treatment includes: [1] Immediately flush the affected eye or skin with clean water;
[2] Take a cold shower for skin burns, or flush your affected eye under a running faucet or
shower; [3] Call 911 or seek other emergency services immediately if needed.