Bruises (Contusion)
Discuss with your doctor for any medical issues. This article is for reference only, it is not a
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Bruise is a type of relatively minor hematoma of tissue. Bruise is due to the leakage of blood into the skin tissue,
that is produced by tissue damage from a direct blow or a crushing injury, e.g. a black eye. Bruises usually
develop after blood drawn, a bump or fall. Diseases states such as venous blockage, insufficient or malfunctioning
platelets can lead to the formation of bruices. Some people take aspirin or blood thinners (anti-coagulants) to
ease the bruise. Blood seeps into the surrounding tissue, causing the black-and-blue color of a bruise..

Home Treatment

Consult with your medical doctor for immediate treatment.

In general, people apply ice or cold packs for up to 10 minutes every 1-2 hours. This helps blood vessels
constrict and to reduce swelling. Thus, less bleeding there will be.

Some people may elevate the bruised area above the level of their heart. Blood leaves the are and there
is less swelling.

Some people apply heat (warm towels, hot water bottle or a heating pad) and ice alternatively to relieve
the pain at later stage.

You must call your medical consultant immediately: [1] if the signs of infection, such as discharge of pus,
fever, develop, [2] if pain increases, [3] if loss of or change in vision, blood in the colored part of the eye,
inability to move the eye and severe pain.

Natural or Normal Bruising

Easy bruising occurs, when a child has a defect in his or her clotting mechanism.  For example, a baby is
brought to the hospital with purple bruises on several body surfaces.  The parents were unable to provide
an explanation other than that the baby "bruised easily." Blood tests later revealed that the baby was a
hemophiliac; hemophilia is associated with bruising easily, due to blood clotting problems. Other
incidents of "easy bruising" in children can be explained by a low blood platelet count. Multiple bruises
can occur in children with leukemia

Mongolian spots (a kind of birthmark) also resemble bruises but can be distinguished by their clear-cut
margins, the fact that they do not fade, and their steel gray-blue color. Mongolian spots may be found
anywhere on the body (but are typically found on the buttocks and lower back).