erythritol fatty acid esters
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Science
erythritol fatty acid esters

GRAS Notice No. GRN 000297

The notice informs FDA of the view of Stepan Company that erythritol fatty acid esters is
GRAS, through scientific procedures, for use as a microencapsulant of ingredients such
as baking powder in certain foods, primarily baked goods, at the minimum level required
to achieve the intended technical effect.

Stepan Company describes the identity of, and manufacturing methods for, erythritol fatty
acid esters. Erythritol fatty acid esters are described as pale yellow flakes. Stepan
Company employs a catalyzed esterification reaction where a 2:1 molar ratio of fatty acids
to erythritol yields mono-, di-, and tri-fatty acid esters, and water, with erythritol distearate
being the predominant reaction product. Following completion of the reaction, the mixture
is cooled, and if desired filtered, to remove any unreacted erythritol.

Stepan Company provides an estimated daily intake (EDI) for its erythritol fatty acid esters
based on the use of the ingredient as a microencapsulant for ingredients such as baking
powder and fats or oils. When used as a microencapsulant for baking powder, Stepan
Company notes that erythritol fatty acid esters will be used in a limited range of baked
products where the 80 degree Celsius melting point of erythritol fatty acid esters is
desirable. Stepan Company estimates that erythritol fatty acid esters would replace a
maximum of 30 percent of all encapsulants, resulting in an EDI of 6 milligrams per
kilogram body weight per day (mg/kg bw/d). Stepan Company estimates that use as a
microencapsulant for fats or oils would be at a 10 percent level of baking powder uses,
leading to a total intake of 6.6 mg/kg bw/d of erythritol fatty acid esters, based on a 60 kg
individual. Stepan Company states that erythritol fatty acid esters are comprised of 18
percent erythritol, resulting in a maximum intake for erythritol of 1.2 mg/kg bw/d.

Erythritol was the subject of GRN 000076, for use as a flavor enhancer, formulation aid,
humectant, nutritive sweetener, stabilizer and thickener, sequestrant, and texturizer.


SOURCE FDA website 2010