salmon oil
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Science
salmon oil

GRAS Notice No. GRN 000146 (Manufacturer: Jedwards International)

Salmon oil is safe for use as a direct ingredient provided that the combined daily intake
of EPA and DHA from consumption of salmon oil-containing foods does not exceed 3
g/p/d and salmon oil is added as the sole source of EPA and DHA in any given food
category. As with the use of menhaden oil, the maximum use levels of Jedwards’ salmon
oil are designed to assure that the combined daily intake of two fatty acids that are
components of salmon oil (i.e., EPA and DHA) would not exceed 3 grams/person/day
(g/p/d).

Nutritional Values / Composition of Salmon Oil
Salmon oil consists mainly of a mixture of triglycerides of various long chain (14-22
carbons) fatty acids, with small amounts of mono- and diglycerides. Jedwards notes that
salmon oil, like menhaden oil, contains approximately 20 percent by weight of omega-3
fatty acids. According to Jedwards, the relative proportions of EPA and DHA, expressed
on a weight percent basis, are typically 12 percent EPA and 8 percent DHA for
menhaden oil and 8 percent EPA and 12 percent DHA for salmon oil. Jedwards provides
analytical results to show the EPA and DHA content of the salmon oil as well as the
typical distributions of saturated (22%), monounsaturated (39%), and polyunsaturated
(35%) fatty acids in the salmon oil ingredient.

Manufacturing of Salmon Oil
Salmon oil is processed according to standardized procedures for fish oils. Fish are
cooked and pressed, with the oil separated from the expressed liquor.

Potential Side Effects of Consumption of High Levels of EPA and EHA
The consumption of high levels of EPA and DHA, which may increase bleeding time,
increase levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and have an effect on glycemic
control in non-insulin dependent diabetics (menhaden oil final rule; 62 FR 30751; June 5,
1997). In affirming the GRAS status of menhaden oil, FDA concluded that the use of
menhaden oil as a direct food ingredient is GRAS, provided that the combined daily
intake of EPA and DHA from consumption of menhaden oil does not exceed 3 g/p/d.

SOURCE FDA website 2010