From Wikipedia.org, Abelmoschus moschatus (Ambrette
seeds, Annual hibiscus, Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi,
Muskdana, Musk mallow, Musk okra, Musk seeds, Ornamental
okra, Rose mallow seeds, Tropical jewel hibiscus, Yorka okra;
syn. Hibiscus abelmoschus L.) is an aromatic and medicinal
plant in the Malvaceae family, which is native to India.


Okra grows in an elongated, lantern shape vegetable. It is a
fuzzy, green colored, and ribbed pod that is approximately 2-
7 inches in length. This vegetable is more famously known by
its rows of tiny seeds and slimy or sticky texture when cut
open. Okra is also known as bamia, bindi, bhindi, lady's
finger, and gumbo, is a member of the cotton (Mallow) family.

Okra was discovered around Ethiopia during the 12th century
B.C. and was cultivated by the ancient Egyptians. This
vegetable soon flourished throughout North Africa and the
Middle East where the seed pods were consumed cooked
and the seeds toasted, ground, and served as a coffee
substitute. With the advent of the slave trade, it eventually
came to North America and is now commonly grown in the
southern United States. You’ll now see okra in African, Middle
Eastern, Greek, Turkish, Indian, Caribbean, and South
American cuisines. [1]

Okra is commonly associated in Southern, Creole, and Cajun
cooking since it was initially introduced into the United States
in its southern region. It grows well in the southern United
States where there is little frost. [1]

Okra is a powerhouse of valuable nutrients. It is a good
source of vitamin C. It is low in calories and is fat-free. [1]

Okra
Serving size 1/2 cup cooked, sliced (80g)
Amounts Per Serving % Daily Value
Calories 20
Calories from Fat 0 0
Total Fat 0g 0%
Saturated Fat 0g 0%
Sodium 0mg 0%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Total Carbohydrate 4g 1%
Dietary Fiber 2g 7%
Sugars 1g
Protein 1g
Vitamin A 4%
Vitamin C 20%
Calcium 6%
Iron 2%

* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.

Research Studies

Statins reduce serum cholesterol and are increasingly
advocated in primary prevention to achieve reductions in LDL
cholesterol. Newer dietary approaches combining cholesterol-
lowering foods may offer another option.

In a study, 34 hyperlipidemic participants underwent all three
1-mo treatments in random order as outpatients: a very-low-
saturated-fat diet (control diet), the same diet plus 20 mg
lovastatin (statin diet), and a diet high in plant sterols (1.0
g/1000 kcal), soy-protein foods (including soy milks and soy
burgers, 21.4 g/1000 kcal), almonds (14 g/1000 kcal), and
viscous fibers from oats, barley, psyllium, and the vegetables
okra and eggplant (10 g/1000 kcal) (portfolio diets).

Researchers found LDL-cholesterol concentrations decreased
by 8.5+/-1.9%, 33.3+/-1.9%, and 29.6+/-1.3% after 4 wk of
the control, statin, and portfolio diets, respectively. Although
the absolute difference between the statin and the portfolio
treatments was significant at 4 wk (P=0.013), 9 participants
(26%) achieved their lowest LDL-cholesterol concentrations
with the portfolio diet. Moreover, the statin (n=27) and the
portfolio (n=24) diets did not differ significantly (P=0.288) in
their ability to reduce LDL cholesterol below the 3.4-mmol/L
primary prevention cutoff. [2]

In another study....

Myricetin was purified from the aerial portion of Abelmoschus
moschatus (Malvaceae) and administered intravenously in
streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. A dose-dependent
decrease in plasma glucose concentration was observed 30
min following injection, in parallel with increased plasma beta-
endorphin-like immunoreactivity. Myricetin enhanced beta-
endorphin-like immunoreactivity release similarly from
isolated adrenal medulla. [3]

The plasma glucose-lowering action of myricetin in insulin-
deficient animals is mediated by activation of opioid mu-
receptors of peripheral tissues in response to increased beta-
endorphin secretion. Opioid mu-receptor activation is held
responsible for the enhancement of muscle glucose
transporter subtype 4 gene expression and the attenuation
of hepatic PEPCK gene expression observed in these
myricetin-treated diabetic animals.

Reference

[1] Chttp://www.fruitsandveggiesmatter.gov/month/okra.html
[2] Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Marchie A, Faulkner DA, Wong JM,
de Souza R, Emam A, Parker TL, Vidgen E, Trautwein EA,
Lapsley KG, Josse RG, Leiter LA, Singer W, Connelly PW.
Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St
Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada. Direct comparison of a
dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods with a statin in
hypercholesterolemic participants. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Feb;81
(2):380-7. [3] Liu IM, Liou SS, Cheng JT.Tajen University
Taiwan Mediation of beta-endorphin by myricetin to lower
plasma glucose in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. J
Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Mar 8;104(1-2):199-206. Epub 2005
Oct 3.

Okra   Nutrition values AND BENEFITS
Popular
Supplements
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Acidophilus
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Bilberry
Chromium
CLA
Cod Liver Oil
Coenzyme Q
Colostrum
Dandelion
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Ellagic Acid
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Flaxseed
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Glucosamine
Gotu Kola
Guar Gum
Hyaluronic acid
Lecithin
Lycopene
Milk Thistle
Nattokinase
Passion Flower
Probiotics
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Polycosanol
Pycnogenol
Reishi / Lingzhi
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Whey
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